Robot Wars Wiki

"All three of us (not to mention several other friends and family if they happened to be passing!) built the robots and helped with any tasks going. Generally, Pete is the bodywork and fabrication man, Dave comes up with all the drawings and mechanical designs and Ian is the welding and electrical expert."
— The 1 Law Associates website on the roles of the team members

The 1 Law Associates were a team from the East Midlands (Derbyshire in Series 2 and 3, Leicestershire from Series 5 onwards) that fought over five series of Robot Wars, entering two robots, Sting in Series 2 and 3, and S3 in Series 5 and 6, as well as the second series of Robot Wars Extreme.

The team's name is a reference to the “Three Laws of Robotics”, as laid down by author Isaac Asimov in the book “I, Robot”.

The Team[]

The team in Series 6

The team captain was Dave Barker, who was joined by Ian Pritchard for all the team's appearances. Ian drove the robots, apart from in the Football Trial in Series 2, when Dave Barker drove Sting.

Dave’s son Matthew was part of the team for Series 2 only, claiming his role was “tactician”.

"Matthew Barker’s main job in the team; polishing Sting!"
— Jonathan Pearce

Pete Allsopp joined the team in all their subsequent appearances.


"Our initial aims with both Sting and Sting 2 were simple enough; to build a robot which would qualify for the program, and thereafter to do the best we could. This was an achievement in its own right, with several thousand applicants to beat. There was never any real thought of winning given the materials and equipment we were working with."
— 1 Law Associates website

The team in Series 2

The team in Series 3

The team originally entered Series 2 and 3 with Sting, a simple box-wedge-shaped robot with spikes on the front, and a “articulated spike steel tail”. Sting performed poorly on the show, falling at the trial stage of Series 2 and the first round of Series 3.

"In series two and three, the selection process consisted of technical scutineering checks and a short driving test - the whole thing amounted to little more than an audition. If it complied with the regs, more or less worked and looked OK, you stood a good chance of getting in. The original Sting didn't even have a fully functioning weapon and no bodywork at all when she was selected!"
— 1 Law Associates website


"Things had changed however, the selection process for the current series consisted of the same technical scrutineering, but instead of a simple driving test, the robot had to take part in a bout with another robot. Just "looking good" would no longer hack it! The decision was made for us therefore - if we wanted to be selected we would need a robot that would deliver the goods. If it could deliver the goods, well, then it stands a real chance of going all the way ... Our ambitions had just changed up a gear!"
— 1 Law Associates website

The team originally intended to enter Series 4 with an upgraded Sting, but as the team was unhappy with their first entry, particularly its lack of reliability, they decided to build a new robot. The team did not enter Series 4, but kept watching the show to see the improving quality of robots.

Seeing the higher quality of robots in Series 4, the team was convinced they needed to enter a robot that was capable of winning the competition, rather than just qualifying, which had been their primary aim with the original Sting.

"In the end the decision came down to two basic concepts. A pusher with loads of grip and power and a tough shell to boot, the aim being to force the opponent into the pit or a CPZ. This design had done quite well in past programs. The alternative was a "weapon on wheels" with less in the way of pushing ability and armour, but with a very destructive weapon and agility to avoid trouble and bring the weapon to bear. In the finish, the deciding factor was the nature of Robot Wars itself. After all, we didn't want to just win, we wanted to do it in style with lots of good TV to boot, and that meant damage infliction and lots of it! A big weapon it was to be then!"
— 1 Law Associates website on designing S3

The team decided to build a robot with a very effective weapon. The result was S3, which was first entered in Series 5. S3 proved much more successful than Sting, reaching two Semi-Finals and winning the Most Original Entry Award in Series 5.


The team continued to appear at live events after their final TV appearance in Extreme 2, competing well into 2003 at shows such as Roaming Robots and Robot Crusade with S3 taking part in battles and demonstrations. Not long afterwards, the team decided to retire from robot combat as they felt that the commitment to the show was huge in terms of time and money and that all the members had families to consider, ultimately not entering Series 7.

"I guess we had enough by the end of Series 6. You won't believe the time and energy was needed to get a working robot that is good enough to stand a chance together for the TV show - not including the time for the recordings themselves - family holidays had to suffer. Was great fun though - but very stressful!"
— Dave Barker on YouTube

The team lended both Sting 2 and S3 to the Enginuity museum in Coalbrookdale in 2011, where they were on display until 2021. Presently, both robots are in the possession of Will Thomas of Team Shock, who will be using them for teaching aids.


Name Weight Class Series
Sting Heavyweight Series 2-3
S3 Heavyweight Series 5-6, Extreme 2


  • Wins: 8
  • Losses: 5

Series Record[]

Main Series 1 Law Associates Series Record
The First Wars Did not enter
The Second Wars Heat, Trial with Sting
The Third Wars Heat, Round 1 with Sting 2
The Fourth Wars Did not enter
The Fifth Wars Semi-Finals, Round 2 with S3
The Sixth Wars Semi-Finals, Round 2 with S3
The Seventh Wars Did not enter
Series 8 Did not enter
Series 9 Did not enter
Series 10 Did not enter
Robot Wars Extreme Appearances
Series 1 Did not enter
Series 2 Entered with S3


  • Robot Wars: The Ultimate Guide incorrectly claims that Triterobot (misspelled as Tri-Terra-Bot) was the team's first robot, when it was actually Team Mousetrap's first robot, whereas Sting was actually the 1 Law Associates' original robot. Coincidentally, the two teams fought in Series 5 with S3 and Mousetrap.
  • In Series 3, Jonathan Pearce mentioned how Dave Barker had been a Hang Gliding pilot for 15 years.
  • In Series 5, the team were repeatedly referred to as "newcomers" despite fighting in two previous wars with Sting, even when this fact was acknowledged during commentary. Craig Charles, Philippa Forrester and Jonathan Pearce all made this mistake across the series, and S3 was even nominated for the Most Promising Newcomer Award.

External Links[]